‘Since the dawn of history the Negro has owned the continent of Africa – rich beyond the dream of poet’s fancy, crunching acres of diamonds beneath his bare black feet and yet he never picked one up from the dust until a white man showed to him its glittering light. His land swarmed with powerful and docile animals, yet he never dreamed a harness, cart, or sled. A hunter by necessity, he never made an axe, spear, or arrowhead worth preserving beyond the moment of its use. He lived as an ox, content to graze for an hour. In a land of stone and timber he never sawed a foot of lumber, carved a block, or built a house save of broken sticks and mud. With league on league of ocean strand and miles of inland seas, for four thousand years he watched their surface ripple under the wind, heard the thunder of the surf on his beach, the howl of the storm over his head, gazed on the dim blue horizon calling him to worlds that lie beyond, and yet he never dreamed a sail.”
— Charles Darwin
Where would we be without the contributions of negroes?
* Real History kept hidden from Americans.
Lee Friedman: The bulk of the slave trade in Brazil, where most of the slaves went, was in the hands of Jewish settlers.’
Wilfred Samuels: The Jews of Barbados made a good deal of money by buying and renting out of black slaves.’
Seymour Liebman: The ships were not only owned by Jews, but were mainly manned by Jewish crews and sailed under the command of Jewish captains.’
Moshe Kahan: Between 1653 and 1658 Jewish Marrano merchants were in control of the Spanish and Portuguese trade, were very interested in the Dutch East and West Indian companies, were heavily involved in shipping and most importantly had at their disposal large amounts of capital.’
Arnold Wiznitzer: It so happened that cash was mostly in the hands of Jews. The buyers who appeared at the slave auctions were almost always Jews being able to buy at low prices because of lack of competition and were able to sell to the plantation owners at high prices for the same reason. Profits of up to 300% were often realized with high interest rates. If an auction fell on a Jewish holiday it was postponed.’
Ira Rosenwaike: Of the Jews in the American south, 75% owned black slaves, whereas only 36% of the non-Jewish population did. Jews in the American South had developed a separate and distinctive accomodation to the slave-based economy. The southern planters depended on the Jews who had become auctioneers, slave-clothing dealers and diverse merchants. They kept the entire slave-economy oiled with money and supplies.’
Despite the name and what many people assume, peanuts are not nuts but legumes. They were known in South America, likely Brazil, as early as 950 BC. The Incas grew peanuts and made them into a paste, though it’s doubtful their peanut paste was anything like Skippy.
Peanuts reached the United States via Africa, where they were carried by early explorers of South America. From Africa they were later traded to Spain, and from there to the American colonies. Commercial peanut farming began in North Carolina around 1818 and by the 1840s had spread to Virginia. During the Civil War years peanuts were being made into a kind of porridge, experience proving that peanuts were a valuable source of protein and perfect for soldiers in camp or on the march. ‘